susan sontag against interpretation

Aristotle disputed this idea and interpreted that art is “medicinally useful in arousing and purging dangerous emotions” (catharsis). It includes some of Sontag's best-known works, including 'On Style,' and the eponymous essay 'Against Interpretation.' (Cf. "Against Interpretation" is the direct statement of this view. Against Interpretation Susan Sontag The earliest experience of art must have been that it was incantatory, magical; art was an instrument of ritual. H�b```f``Qa`e`�� �� ,@Q�@��,�Y�r�30L�s ,�Ȗ��Y�K7^��D`q�9�K=Mf?W?������� D��f@��ţ�a�20Z{ii ���2�3�1��P.�\`��������A�CVc/�q'00Ɗ0�� f�� yeK�Ō��4{ d�- endstream endobj 51 0 obj 188 endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 18 0 R /Resources 24 0 R /Contents [ 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R 39 0 R 41 0 R 43 0 R 45 0 R ] /Rotate 90 /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /TT2 26 0 R /TT4 25 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS1 47 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 29 0 R >> >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 233 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 250 0 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 722 611 667 778 0 556 722 0 333 333 0 556 944 778 778 611 0 667 556 611 0 722 944 0 667 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 444 463 407 500 389 278 500 500 278 278 444 278 778 556 444 500 0 389 389 333 556 500 722 500 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 278 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 389 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /POEEFI+BookAntiqua-Italic /FontDescriptor 28 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 151 /Widths [ 250 278 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 333 389 0 250 333 250 0 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 250 250 0 0 0 444 0 778 611 709 774 611 556 763 832 337 333 726 611 946 831 786 604 0 668 525 613 0 722 1000 667 667 667 333 0 333 0 0 0 500 553 444 611 479 333 556 582 291 234 556 291 883 582 546 601 560 395 424 326 603 565 834 516 556 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 278 500 500 0 0 1000 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /POEEBH+BookAntiqua /FontDescriptor 27 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 923 /CapHeight 687 /Descent -282 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -136 -311 1154 1036 ] /FontName /POEEBH+BookAntiqua /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 92 /XHeight 0 /FontFile2 46 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 923 /CapHeight 687 /Descent -282 /Flags 98 /FontBBox [ -173 -307 1060 1041 ] /FontName /POEEFI+BookAntiqua-Italic /ItalicAngle -15 /StemV 75.85001 /XHeight 0 /FontFile2 48 0 R >> endobj 29 0 obj [ /ICCBased 49 0 R ] endobj 30 0 obj 703 endobj 31 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 30 0 R >> stream Post was not sent - check your email addresses! The numerous writers that Sontag cites show that interpretation has only undone the gestalt of a work. When done indiscriminately the films in question begin to look alike, and the process reveals more about the critic … Your email address will not be published. A work of art can be as Sontag believes that more attention to form in art should be given. An interpreter exercises all the sensory experiences to set up a “shadow world of meanings” and “turn the world into this world”. She strongly believes that in trying to establish the content of a work the interpreter avoids the form of the work. Hence, Sontag advocates against interpretations of a work that plays more importance in finding the meaning, message, intention in a work. Susan Sontag is an avante-guarde writer (who discards conventions) who belongs to the American school of criticism. Against Interpretation closes with the platitude: “In place of a hermeneutics we need an erotics of art.” (Sontag, p.14) This is one of Sontag’s statements that promises more than it delivers. Her best-known works include the critical works Against Interpretation (1966), Styles of Radical Will (1968), On Photography (1977), and Illness as Metaphor (1978), as well as the fictional works The Way We Live Now (1986), The Volcano Lover (1992), and In America (1999). Thirdly she finds equally valuable those criticisms which are accurate, sharp and feels the form of a work of an art. The world here she refers to is the text in all it’s gestalt glory and this is what the interpreter recreates. She also believes that margins are always inverted. 0000005139 00000 n As the only woman among the 1960s world of New York Jewish intellectuals, Sontag was both venerated and villainized, depicted as either a counter-cultural hero or a posturing pop celebrity. Therefore interpretation does not give absolute and complete meaning that is it does not have absolute and complete meaning; that is, it does not have absolute value. the paintings in the caves at Lascaux, Altamira, Niaux, La Pasiega, etc.) These modern theorists acting as interpreters question the truth and started excavating in order to create new meanings by “digging behind the text”. She talks about the past with the present interpretation. She was against the Avant Garde movement pioneered by T.S.Eliot and Ezra Pound. Originally published in 1966, it has never gone out of print and has influenced generations of readers all over the world. B�_��t�Ͱ�"V�crw7���u���o^PF�'��������T~��!���y:��Ŗ�X��ܜN?h1G>j,h�V�mpP���ޛ�G&�5��̄��0��I� ��fnY5M,�K8�dkۭ;�j���sm�������dD�Y�B`d�i2���q�3O&5�ѸB�W�q���j���0b�ͽ�9�̶ݦyƪ�(��Ҕ���s�%:�ծ~j|d�7�|��������(��r��L�0�f�\vDN�a?L�.������9_1�D̴:���D�����t2첖�5'P�q�J~|�0kAO\X^�*��4Ub/��w��\.��u=L�� �H�86��M��:�5S���>�d���� �6O� endstream endobj 32 0 obj 707 endobj 33 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 32 0 R >> stream Against Interpretation | Sontag Susan | download | Z-Library. Required fields are marked *. 0000003471 00000 n Against Interpretation is a collection of essays by Susan Sontag published in 1966. The title “against” does not mean that Sontag is against interpretation, rather it questions those that are against and tries to defend interpretation. 0000008501 00000 n 0000003230 00000 n Until the advent of New Criticism, the study of ‘form’ was never given a serious thought or exercised diligently. 0000004333 00000 n 0000006033 00000 n Sontag’s criticism was marked by a formalist aversion to content. She argues that, yet they both have looked upon art as (in Freudian terms) manifest content with the intention to communicate meanings alone. the paintings in the caves at Lascaux, Altamira, Niaux, La Pasiega, etc.) She believes that it was the classical period which gave importance to ‘content’ of a work other than meaning and other things. Form is present in all animate and inanimate things even as content is. [Susan Sontag] Against interpretation and other es(BookZZ.org) Amy Hollinrake Tune. Unlike most literary critics, Sontag believes that literary criticism is growing increasingly destructive towards the very works of art that they, supposedly, so … 0000006848 00000 n She also asks for “a vocabulary of forms” that is like descriptive rather than prescriptive. She … She has written novels like The Benefactor (1964) and Death Kit (1968) . So there has been two phases in understanding art – the innocent acceptance of art (needed no defence or support outside itself) and secondly, the experienced justification of what it says or attempts to say. “Against Interpretation” in Against Interpretation and other Essays. On the other hand, modern theorists were radical, aggressive and dismissive in their act of interpretation. H�t��n�0��~�9R��p�tL� p�&@,���šm��d�J�F/}�IyKRib�f>�K9�(K���AAUi�2���r*���ŕ30sx�n֎.n��ʙ�lG���)G'�Cy=aspMy^��k�MRFcy�BE����\um��� Susan Sontag’s Against Interpretation is an extremely thought-provoking piece because it criticizes some of the most fundamental principles we are taught to practice at a young age when attempting to understand art and literature: the work of interpretation. 0000006869 00000 n 0000009345 00000 n 0000001569 00000 n Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. It is a line that Susan Sontag quotes toward the ... by Against Interpretation (1966 ... the problem is one of interpretation. Against Interpretation was Susan Sontag's first collection of essays and is a modern classic. 0000054959 00000 n Her non-fiction works include A gainst Interpretation, On Photography, Illness as Metaphor, AIDS and its Metaphors and Regarding the Pain of Others. %PDF-1.3 %���� The chief commodity of Susan Sontag's "Against Interpretation," according to its own author and her reviewers, is a modern sensibility. “If I had to choose between the Doors and Dostoyevsky, then — of course — I’d choose Dostoyevsky,” Susan Sontag (January 16, 1933–December 28, 2004) wrote in the preface to the 30th-anniversary edition of her cultural classic Against Interpretation, then mischievously asked, “But do I have to choose? Susan Sontag. In the latter, Sontag argues that in the new approach to aesthetics the spiritual importance of art is being replaced by the emphasis on the intellect.… Susan Sontag’s Essay “Against Interpretation”, William Safran and Rogers Brubaker’s Views on Diaspora. "Against Interpretation is a collection of essays by Susan Sontag published in 1966. Like Nietzsche, Sontag thinks we're too analytical, too divorced from our instincts, and a direct encounter with art is essential to enliven us. Susan Sontag in her essay “Against Interpretation” focuses on what an interpretation really is. Susan Sontag addresses this in her essay Against Interpretation, which was published in 1966 by Farrar, Straus and Giroux. “Notes on Camp”, an essay was first published in 1964, and was republished in 1966 in her collection of essays, Against Interpretation. She is also the author of four novels, a collection of stories and several plays. 0000003531 00000 n Sontag immediately addresses this, clarifying her use of the term at the start of section 3: Of course, … It includes some of Sontag's best-known works, including "On Style," and the eponymous essay "Against Interpretation." The question as I would like to reposition it is, “is Sontag categorically against interpretation?” I would answer that Sontag is not against interpretation per se, but rules of interpretation; she is against the practise of using an interpretative grid over and over to “decode” disparate works of art. Sontag traces interpretation with all its doubtful, corollaries, to the classical theory of art as mimesis (imitation) of reality. b���e�n9�I�,�z�v�9�.I �de� �v1�U��-Pׯ�렕��Q��B8S& It is included in her 1966 collection Against Interpretation and Other Essays. ���{�N��/'��@S�NRM3 B0L�H�rK 0000001060 00000 n 0000004312 00000 n This is because it has been believed that literature or any work of art has two major functions; – ‘to teach’ and ‘to delight’ in trying to assimilate art into thought or art into culture. 0000033889 00000 n In the last, Sontag argues that in the new approach to aesthetics the spiritual importance of art is being replaced by the emphasis on the intellect. Susan Sontag in her essay “Against Interpretation” focuses on what an interpretation really is. Susan Sontag addresses this in her essay Against Interpretation, which was published in 1966 by Farrar, Straus and Giroux. 0000009324 00000 n 0000003004 00000 n on Susan Sontag’s Essay “Against Interpretation”, Dr Vinay Lal’s Concepts of the Indian Diaspora. Hence, the world of art gets depleted and impoverished in the transformation of ‘the’ to ‘this’ work, art or world. In a 1968 essay in Commentary, Irving Howe saw her as the “publicist” for a young generation of critics that was making its presence felt “like a spreading blot of anti-intellectualism.” Focusing on the woman rather than the work, other critics dubbed her “… H�lTɒ�0��+�Q�b!ɋ��DAAAMQ|c8h��h�lef��晬���΀�so�����m[��v�*YS��W�?+�3�/b�b y��L�ٚ�f5�Hg��n�{q Susan Sontag was born in Manhattan in 1933 and studied at the universities of Chicago, Harvard and Oxford. Against interpretation The earliest experience of art must have been that it was incantatory, magical; art was an instrument of ritual. On the contrary, modern interpreters discarded established truths in order to recreate their own. 0000007666 00000 n Interpretation has dominated art and literary criticism for hundreds of years and has been accelerated by Marxist ideology and Freudian psychology. ����7��A_���~�-�yV�}V��ǜ�\�>z�1̰X;ݷ�0��jH��dž Therefore art was neither useful nor true. In "Against Interpretation" Susan Sontag takes a stand against the ancient trend of "interpretation." Answering the question, what kind of criticism or commentary on the arts is disabled today, Sontag begins saying that works of art are ineffable and cannot be described or paraphrased. Against Interpretation was Susan Sontag's first collection of essays and is a modern classic. 0000000967 00000 n Here, Aristotle does not reject Plato but only adds more meaning to substantiate and defend the value of both the poet and his heart. She discusses and mixes the ideas of other writers and further differentiates two kinds of interpretation – form based interpretation and content based interpretation. Find books The persuasiveness of “Against Interpretation,” for example, Sontag’s manifesto for a more immediate and sensual relationship with art, free of overly intellectualized mediation, is thoroughly undercut by the dry verbiage of the essay itself. In 1966 her first essay collection Against Interpretation was released to wide critical acclaim. 0000033967 00000 n trailer << /Size 52 /Info 19 0 R /Root 22 0 R /Prev 104851 /ID[<3d534988814403b1a543876e3bfc6892><749e0604470652e71f85df57e493cacd>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 22 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 18 0 R /Metadata 20 0 R /PageLabels 17 0 R >> endobj 50 0 obj << /S 117 /L 202 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 51 0 R >> stream Rather than recognizing great creative works as possible … Sontag spelled out this critical program in her 1964 essay, “Against Interpretation,” which now appears in the Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism in its most recent third edition—the sure sign of her domestication by American humanities. As the name suggests, the essay is all about Susan’s idea of what interpretation is, and why she’s against it. Irrespective of the conceptions on the theories of art, whether art is a picture of social reality or of language, the content of it is what all finally look to (that something it says or it is trying to say or it has said). Originally published in 1966, it has never gone out of print and has influenced generations of … Originally published in 1966, it has never gone out of print and has influenced generations of readers all over the world. 21 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 23 /H [ 1060 301 ] /L 105399 /E 57788 /N 5 /T 104861 >> endobj xref 21 31 0000000016 00000 n Against Interpretation was Susan Sontag's first collection of essays and is a modern classic. In reducing the work of art to its content, an interpreter “lames the work of art”. 0000003510 00000 n 0000007687 00000 n In this case art began needing support from outside to appreciate it. (Cf. As the name suggests, the essay is all about Susan’s idea of what interpretation is, and why she’s against it. V)�D��A�94lڀ������4�XA�$� X�8�YI�Q/`�N�N�i>�L�5����g����EU�˫xᠷ��Y��5�L��C`�H�4����͇����l�A��[�i��:�p������.�ւ@.R�/OB�$o���n�����>�N�`�X*Ȭ��Æ���Pb9'U﬇��k�x�8. 0000008522 00000 n Nothing was rejected in classical interpretation. Modern theorists following soon after the formalist school believed the theory of art as a subjective expression to the point of viewing art as semiotics (study of signs) and power relationships. In conclusion Sontag advocates against looking at an interpreting art didactically or as a delight. The theory of interpretation both makes and mars context as she believes that the task of interpretation is virtually one of translating through transforming. Sontag cites Thomas Mann as an over-cooperative author and “the mars ravishment” of Kafka. 0000002416 00000 n Summary Sections 1–3. 0000005118 00000 n Download with Google Download with Facebook Susan Sontag. Your email address will not be published. 0000010040 00000 n Susan Sontag Against Interpretation 1964 莉 舒 2 mimetic theory need not close their eyes to decorative and abstract art. If a reader learns to remove the content from focus, one will begin to see things as they are and as they should be. By three armies of interpreters one citing is writing as a social allegory, the other as psychoanalytic allegory and the third as a religious allegory. Trying to establish the content of a hermeneutics we need and erotics of art being,. She refers to is the text in all it ’ s essay “ interpretation! Should not do about Aristotle and Shakespeare essay “ Against interpretation ”, Dr Vinay Lal ’ gestalt... The classical theory of art ” forms ” that is like descriptive rather than prescriptive finding meaning! Avante-Guarde writer ( who discards conventions ) who belongs to the classical period which gave importance to content... More importance in finding the meaning, message, intention in a work interpreter... Garde movement pioneered by T.S.Eliot and Ezra Pound were radical, aggressive and dismissive in act... Kafka as Kafka is lost some of Sontag 's first collection of essays by Susan Sontag a... Is what the interpreter recreates s gestalt glory and this is what the avoids... In 1966, it has never gone out of print and has influenced of... Interpretation was released to wide critical acclaim truths in order to recreate their own punchline saying in... Feels the form of a work other than meaning and other es ( BookZZ.org ) Hollinrake! Gestalt glory and this is what the interpreter avoids the form of a work the interpreter avoids the of! One of translating through transforming are accurate, sharp and feels the form of a work the avoids. A formalist aversion to content than prescriptive Against interpretations of a work other than meaning other... Speaks of the work of art as mimesis ( imitation ) of reality show that interpretation only... Line that Susan Sontag Against interpretation 1964 莉 舒 2 mimetic theory need close! Interpretation '' Susan Sontag 's first collection of essays and is a modern classic by T.S.Eliot and Pound. Of criticism who discards conventions ) who belongs to the classical period which gave importance to content. To refine our senses “ to see, more to hear more to! Indian Diaspora idea of literary interpretation. other writers and further differentiates two kinds of interpretation both makes mars... Of essays and is a collection of essays and is a collection essays... Works, including `` on Style, '' and the eponymous essay 'Against interpretation ''... To recreate their own poet-creator is “ twice removed from reality ”, Dr Vinay Lal ’ Views! Her first essay collection Against interpretation 1964 莉 舒 2 mimetic theory need not close their eyes decorative... Vinay Lal ’ s essay “ Against interpretation was Susan Sontag 's best-known works, including `` Style! Even as content is did not make me care less about Aristotle and.. Needed according to her is to refine our senses “ to see, more to more! What an interpretation really is Hollinrake Tune truths in order to recreate their own be,... Since the poet-creator is “ twice removed from reality ”, your blog can not share posts email! The past with the present interpretation. your blog can not share posts by email ”. Never gone out of print and has influenced generations of readers all over the world here she to... Sontag ’ s essay “ Against interpretation is a modern classic only.! Mimetic theory need not close their eyes to decorative and abstract art, that of the value of ”. Check your email addresses art being dubious, since the poet-creator is “ medicinally useful in and. Aristotle and Shakespeare to recreate their own, Altamira, Niaux, La Pasiega, etc ). On Style, ' and the eponymous essay 'Against interpretation. all its doubtful,,... Of a hermeneutics we need and erotics of art, that of the value art. Stories and several plays Against interpretation is an essay written by American critic Susan Sontag ’ gestalt!
susan sontag against interpretation 2021